In legal terms, a dispute is defined as a conflict over a claim to rights. In other words, a person has been denied something they feel they are legally entitled to, be it property, money, custody of children, holiday pay; the list is almost endless. A dispute in itself is a pretty basic concept: essentially it’s just a disagreement. Where it gets complicated is when that dispute needs to be resolved.
Solving a dispute is known as resolution, and there are five main types of resolution split across two broad categories: adjudicative and consensual. Adjudicative methods use formal legal systems, such as the courts, while consensual resolution is where the parties try to come to an agreement between themselves.
The five types of resolution are:
Lawsuits and arbitration are adjudicative; collaborative law, mediation and conciliation are consensual.
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